Drugs used with Asthmatics.
This family of drugs, often referred to simply as steroids, are copies (natural or synthetic) of corticosteroid hormones that are found in the adrenal glands. These hormones are governed, in humans, by the Pituitary gland.
They are NOT Anabolic steroids.
The primary use for Corticosteroids (Preventers) is the control of inflammation. They reduce the inflammation by blocking the action of chemicals released by Asthmatics ‘Triggers’
Drug Names – Beclomethasone (AeroBec, Beclazone, Becloforte, Becodisks, Beconase, Becotide, Filair), Fluticasone (Cutivate, Flixonase, Flixotide), Prednisolone (Predsol, Predform, Pred Forte, Minims, Deltastab).
When we breath air passes through narrow tubes in the lungs called Bronchioles. In Asthmatics these tube become narrower, Either as a result of muscle contractions or mucus within them. This narrowing obstructs the flow of air in and out of the lungs.
Bronchodilators (Relievers) help to widen the tubes and improve breathing – by relaxing the muscles of the Bronchioles. Bronchodilators can either be taken to relieve an Asthma ‘attack’ or on a regular basis to help prevent such ‘attacks’. Some people find it useful to take bronchodilators before undertaking an activity likely to provoke an ‘attack’ (before taking part in sports).
There are two types of Bronchodilators – Those that give rapid relief and those giving long term relief.
Drug Names –
Rapid relief Drugs – Salbutamol (Albuterol, Aerolin, Airomir, Asmaven, Maxivent, Salamol, Salbulin, Salmeterol, Ventodisks, Ventolin, Volmax), Terbutaline (Bricanyl, Monovent), Isoprenaline(Medihaler-iso, Saventrine)
Long term relief drugs – Theophylline/Aminophylline (Lasma, Nuelin, Theo-Dur, Uniphyllin, Continus, Pecram, Phyllocontin Continus), Ipratopium Bromide (Atrovent, Rinatec)
There are drugs that are combinations of rapid and long term relief drugs – Combivent
Montelukast (Singulair) Antecodal experience gives the impression that 1/3 of those who try it get excellent results, another 1/3 get mild to moderate results, and the final 1/3 get no effect at all. The good news is that side effects are very rare, relatively minor and cease when the medication is discontinued.